Author: Texas Children's Hospital

Preventing heat illness

Originally posted here by Dr. Jorge Emilio Gomez, pediatric sports medicine physician at Texas Children’s Hospital. Children and teenagers participating in summer athletics, including strength and conditioning camps and sports-focused camps, are at risk for heat illness. It’s important for youngsters, as well as their parents and coaches supervising them, to be aware of measures to prevent heat illness. Risk factors for heat illness include lack of fluid intake; being overweight; poor physical conditioning; lack of sleep; and wearing tight clothing, layers or dark clothes. Hydration Children and teens should drink plenty of water. Water is the best hydrating fluid.  Encourage children and teens to drink milk with their meals; an 8 oz. glass of milk (cow’s milk, soy milk) has more sodium and potassium than 8 oz. of sport drink. Young athletes should avoid caffeinated drinks (soft drinks, coffee, tea) that will cause increased urine production and water loss. Guidelines for fluid replacement for exercise are as follows: Drink 16 to 20 oz. of fluid four hours before exercise. Drink 3 to 8 oz. every 15 to 20 minutes during exercise. Sports drink may be added if doing continuous exercise for longer than 1 hour. Looking at the color of your urine is a very useful way of check hydration. If your urine is the color of apple juice or darker, you are dehydrated and need to drink...

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Choking hazards 101

Originally posted here by Dr. Anup Kudakkasseril, pediatrician at Texas Children’s Hospital.   Choking hazards can be anywhere, but being alert for small objects, such as coins, buttons, small toys and certain foods, can help you prevent your child from choking. Check under furniture and between couch cushions for small items that children could find, put in their mouth and potentially choke on. Be on the lookout for these choking hazards in your home and keep them out of your child’s reach. Choking hazard items Household items that are choking hazards and should be kept away from young children...

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Summer trauma 101

Originally posted here by Dr. Bindi J. Naik-Mathuria, Trauma Medical Director at Texas Children’s Hospital. With less time spent in the classroom and more time spent outside, children’s risk for injury increases tremendously. Amidst all of the summer fun, it’s important to keep safety in mind in order to prevent unexpected trips to the trauma center. Below is some useful information about common summer injuries, as well as a few tips to keep your active young one safe this summer. Common trauma/injuries seen during the summer Drowning Temperatures are on the rise and many of our kids flock to...

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Summer learning loss

Originally posted here by Dr. Adiaha Spinks-Franklin, pediatric development specialist at Texas Children’s Hospital. We are in the midst of summer, and our children have been out of school for over a month now. It is time to start thinking about summer learning loss. Summer learning loss refers to the amount of academic information children and adolescents forget over the course of summer break that puts them further behind in school. Research suggests that students can lose up to three months of reading skills and one month of math skills if they do not practice those skills over the...

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Why is sleep important?

Originally posted here by Dr. Samira Armin, pediatrician at Texas Children’s Hospital. No one starts the day off on the right foot unless they’ve had enough sleep! Sleep is essential; yet, according to the National Sleep Foundation, nearly 30 percent of children and 75 percent of teenagers are not getting the right amount of sleep. Below, I have answered a few important questions to help better understand the importance of sleep so you can help your child catch a few more Zs throughout the night. How much sleep does a child need each night according to his or her...

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