Relatively new on the market is Ability based learning. There are many who agree that if you group people together that enjoy the same learning ability, you’ll help them to help one another. They can gain more in their learning capabilities and enhance one another’s learning experience. By contrast, there are a lot of traditional learners who firmly believe that all students should stay at the same pace as their peers to keep them up to date. According to research, there are both advantages and disadvantages to this learning method. Ability based learning enhances the effects of learning that students experience.

Benefits Of Ability Based Learning
With Ability Based Learning, students are allowed to move at their own pace. When they group students together based on their skill levels and ideas, the pressure lowers and the students tend to learn more readily. Students will have a like understanding and their learning styles will enhance one another. Some students are going to take longer to learn a concept. If you leave these students in the mainstream class they may wind up holding the class back. By grouping these students with other students that have a similar learning style you’re going to be helping the entire group as well as the one student. They will move more quickly from one concept to the next when they are grouped in this fashion. Students will be more challenged and progress more quickly through their curriculum and gifted students will be challenged accordingly. In this fashion, those who are gifted will remain motivated and those who aren’t will get the help that they need to complete their studies. Tradewind have some interested takes on the matter.

Disadvantages Of Ability
Of course, with advantages, come disadvantages. There are many reasons that there are disadvantages. There can be some discomfort for some of the students who will have trouble adapting to a new environment. These students may have a social anxiety that is exacerbated by placing them with a group of students that they don’t know. The grouping can also highlight the various differences in their cognitive abilities and some groups may appear to be lower than others. There can be feelings of isolation and separation from peers that they may have been close to who remain in a different group.

Those students in the lower group may work to the level of a higher group and be changed at a later date. This may stall some students who have learned one concept slowly but catch on more quickly to other concepts. Some also consider this to be “pigeon-holing” and sequestering the smarter students thus giving the lower level students a distinct disadvantage.